Institute of Tribal Studies & Research

Tribal Attire

The Institute of Tribal Studies (ITS) at the Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla was established vide University’s Executive Council’s Resolution No. 10, dated January 31, 1994. The aims, objectives and the structure of the ITS were approved by the Executive Council in its meeting held on 12 April 1994 vide item no. 41 and the Institute became operational from the academic session 1995-96 onwards. The Institute acquired it’s present form in 2008 when it secured TRI Status with Sate and Central support and has since been operational as a State and Centre funded Tribal Research Institute (TRI) named the Institute of Tribal Studies (ITS), Himachal Pradesh University. It was formally inaugurated in 2009.
Administrative structure:

  • Governing Body (GB)
  • Director
  • Office: Research & Administrative Staff

NOTE: The Vice Chancellor is authorized by the GB to decide matters that may crop up between successive GB meetings which are beyond the scope of the Director’s purview.


Broadly speaking, this institute undertakes three types of activities:

  • Research
  • Extension
  • Teaching
    This Institute plays a role in policy planning and implementation through independent research which serves as input for planners and policy makers In addition inputs are also provided on a need basis. On the Himachal Pradesh University campus ITS is an active component of the Equal Opportunity Cell established to promote the cause of ST/SC/OBC students. ITS is also actively involved in planning improvements in educational inputs to ST/SC students with the Pre exam Coaching Centre of the University.
    Ongoing Projects
  • Socio- economic Profile of Gujjar Tribe of Himachal Pradesh: A Study of Chamba District
  • Compilation of Constitutional & Other Provisions for Scheduled Tribes
  • Glossary of Tribal Dialects
  • Coffee Table Book on Tribal Landscapes
  • Cross Border Trade Between India & China through Kinnaur in Himachal Pradesh
    Completed projects:
  • Implementation of Rural Employment Programmes in the Tribal Areas of Himachal Pradesh.
  • Impact of Tourism on Tribal Areas of Himachal Pradesh: A study of Kinnaur and Lahaul-Spiti District.
  • Psycho-social analysis of displaced people and Evaluation of Rehabilitation and Resettlement policies in Tribal Areas of Himachal Pradesh.
  • Impact and Implementation of National Rural employment guarantee act tribal districts of Himachal Pradesh.
  • To study the scheduled caste and non-scheduled caste population of Tribal Areas of Kinnaur District in different dimensions of Quality of Life.
  • Evolution of Health and Family Welfare programmes in Tribal Areas With reference to Kinnaur District in H.P.
  • A study of Dropout Children in the Tribal Areas of Himachal Pradesh.
  • Economics of Livestock Rearing in Tribal Areas: A Study of Pangi and Bharmour Regions of District Chamba in Himachal Pradesh.
  • An evaluation study of Road Networking facilities and its Cost of Construction in Pangi Block of District Chamba.
  • A Survey of Integrated Child Development Programme (ICDP) at Tribal Areas of the State. -5 Tribal Blocks.
  • Impact of Land reforms on Socio-Economic conditions and quality of Life of Tribal in Himachal Pradesh.
  • Utilization of Reservation for Scheduled Tribes in Govt. Jobs (State, Centre including PSUs) in Himachal Pradesh.

In respect of best practices the Institute proudly claims that all backlog of administrative/financial & academic works has been cleared. Inter disciplinary research is encouraged and the Institute promotes young researchers. The proposal of Inclusion of various communities in the list of Scheduled Tribes in Himachal Pradesh has also been assigned by Tribal Devotement Department Govt. of Himachal Pradesh as additional research work.
A Museum of Tribal Heritage has been established and an in-house library has been strengthened. As a contribution to the Swach Bharat Abhiyaan the institute has developed a small green area outside the office and the contribution of the construction division of this University is gratefully acknowledged.

Facilities available in ITS
  • Conference Room
  • Library
  • Video Conferencing Facility
  • Smart Class room also used for Extension activities
  • WiFi enabled Premises
  • Museum of Tribal Heritage
Academic Programme Available

P.G. Diploma in Tribal Studies (PGDTS)
This Course is of one-year duration and will be run as a part of the Faculty of Social Sciences, offered by the Institute of Tribal Studies, HP University, Shimla. The necessary provision at appropriate places in the ordinances of the HP University was requested to be made by the Faculty of Social Sciences/Ac and EC of the University.

Hostel Availability- Hostel facility is not available for all Diploma Students in HP University.

Minimum qualifications for admissions to these PG Diplomas of the Faculty of Social Sciences shall be Bachelor's degree(or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks in the aggregate (45% in case of SC/ST) or the Master's degree (or its equivalent) with 45% in aggregate (40% in case of SC/ST)
A Bachelor’s degree in any stream from a University established by law in India with a minimum of 48 credits in Major subject, 48 credits in two minor subjects, 9 credits in compulsory, 1 credit in GI & hobby with aggregate of 106 credits for the award of pass degree.
A candidate who has put in a minimum 3 years of service in any institution or department (Government, Semi Government, Corporate Undertaking, Local Self Govt. Bodies, registered NGOs) shall be given extra weightage of 5% while preparing the merit for admission.
Non-Subsidized Seats:

Non-Subsidized seats in the P.G. Diploma in Population Studies and P.G. Diploma in Tribal Studies
The eligibility for admission to the course for admission against above Non-Subsidised seats will be the same as provided for other candidates. However, the merit for the admission will be determined on the basis of marks obtained/CGPA score in the qualifying examination. However, the candidate will need to fill a separate application form for these seats accompanied by the requisite fee and all other documents.

Supernumerary Seat & Reservation for Persons with Disability
In keeping with university policy there is: i) one supernumerary seat for Single Girl Child and
ii) 5% reservation in seats is applicable in favour of Persons with Disability.

Fee Structure


Fee Structure for PG Diploma in Tribal Studies
(In Rupees)


For Boys

For Girls

  1. Annual Charges



Admission fee



Library Security



Continuation Fee



Sports fee



Medical fee



Holiday home fee



Students aid fund



Youth welfare fee



Identity card fee



Magazine fee



Culture activity fund fee



Common room charges fee



University Development fee



Total (A)



  1. Monthly Charges



Tuition fee



Amalgamated fund



Dilapidation fee



Population Edu. fee



Total (B)



Quarterly Charges (C)

420x3 = 1260

120x3 = 360

Quarter-wise normal fee:



1st Qtr (with admission fee) (A+C)



2nd Qtr fee (including exam fee Rs 1000/-)



3rd Quarter



4th Qtr (including exam fee Rs. 1000/-)





In all there will four papers each carrying 100 marks, out of which 25% will form internal assessment. Note: The examination will be of three hours duration. In all ten questions will set, out of which the examinee would be required to attempt five question, each carrying 15 marks. There will be internal assessment of 25 marks to be made by the teacher concerned and the Director of Institute of Tribal Studies.
Semester-wise scheme of courses and syllabi are given below:
Semester First:
Course I: Indian Tribes in Historical Perspective                                75 + 25
Course II: Tribal Social Systems in India                                           75 + 25
Semester Second:
Course III: Issues in Tribal Development                                            75+25
Course IV: Research Methods in Tribal Studies                                 50+50
Total Marks  400

The Project Report and Viva voce will be of 50 marks and evaluation will be done by a committee consisting of the supervisor, the Director, ITS and an External Examiner.

Course Content:
Course I:  Indian Tribes in Historical Perspective                                

  • Tribe – Meaning, Criteria and Characteristics.
  • Major Tribes and their Habitat – Regional Distribution and Demographic Profile.
  • Tribes in Ancient and Medieval India – An overview,
  • Tribes and the British Raj.
  • Tribal Situation on the Eve of Independence.
    Suggested Reading:
    G. S. Ghurye, The Scheduled Tribes, 3rd ed., Bombay, Popular Prakashan, 1963.
    S. C. Dube, Tribal Heritage of India, 4 vols, New Delhi, Vikas, 1977.
    N.K. Bose, Some Indian Tribes, New Delhi, National Book Trust, 1972.
    Surjit Sinha, Tribes and Indian Civilization, Varanasi, N.K. Bose Memorial Foundation, 1982.
    D.N. Majumdar, Races and Cultures in India, Bombay, Asia Publishing House, 1973.
    Elwin Verrier, A New deal for Tribal India, Delhi, Managert of Publications, 1988.
    A.R. Khan, Cheiftains in the Mughal Empire, Shimla, IIAS, 1977.
    J.C. Jha, The Indian National Congress and the Tribes, New Delhi, 1985.
    L.S.S. O’ Mailley, Modern India and the West, London, OUP, 1968.
    K.K. Datta, Unrest Against British Rule, Patna, 1957.
    Stephen Fuchs, The Aboriginal Tribes of India, Delhi, Macmillan 1973.
    Debendra Mohan Praharaj, Tribal Movements and Political History in India, New Delhi, Inter-India, 1988.
    B. K. Roy Burman, Demographic and Social Profile of Hill Areas of North East India, New Delhi, Census of India, 1961.
    Moonis Raza and Aijazuddin Ahmed, An Atlas of Tribal India, New Delhi, Concept Publishing Co. 1990.
    Maheshwari Prasad, Tribal Geography.
    Thakur Sen Negi, Scheduled Tribes of Himachal Pradesh: A Profile, Meerut, Raj Printers, 1976.
    C. B. Mamoria, Tribal Demography in India, Allahabad, Kitab Mahal, 1957.
    K.S. Singh (ed.) People of India Series: Scheduled Tribes in India, New Delhi, Oxford University Press.

Course II: Tribal Social Systems in India

  • Tribal Social systems: Anthropological, Sociological and Historical Perspective.
  • Emergence of Tribes as Distinct Categories in India: The issues in Tribal Identity.
  • Social Organization of Major Tribal Communities:
    • Social Structure and Community Life:
    • Religious Faiths and Beliefs:
    • Language & Dialects, Arts & Crafts and Architecture:
    • Economic Organization: Resource Base: Means of Livelihood and Occupational Pattern.
  • Social Change: Issues and Challenges.

Suggested Reading:
M. N. Shrinivas, Social Change in Modern India, New Delhi, Orient Longman, 1972.
K. S. Singh, Tribal Situation in India, Shimla, IIAS, 1972.
Marinal Miri, Continuity and Change in Tribal Society, Shimla, IIAS, 1993.
D.P Vidyarthi and B.K. Roy Burman, Tribal Culture of India, New Delhi, Concept Publishing Co., 1976.
A.R. Desai, Rural Sociology in India, Bombay, Popular Pradkashan, rpt. 1984.
V.G. Childe, Social Evolution.
C. P. Loomis and J. A. Beegle, Rural Social Systems.
S. Bernard Cohn, Anthropologist Among the Historians and other Essays, Delhi, Oup, 1988.
Evans Pritchard, Social Anthropology.
Leach Edmund, Social Anthropology.
S. T. Das, Tribal Development and Socio-cultural Matrix, Delhi Kanishka Publishers, 1993.
Cook and Cook, Sociological approach to Education.
D.D. Sharma, Tribal Languages of Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Mittal, 1989.
Beena Shah, Tribal Education: Perspective and Prospects, Calcutta, Naya Prokash, 1992.
Bhupinder Singh and J.s. Bhandari, Tribal World and its Transformation.
Sujata Miri, Religion and Society in North-East India, 1980.
K.S. Singh, Ethnicity, Identity and the Modern World, Delhi, Sage 1994.
Ajit K. Singh, Tribal Development in India, New Delhi, Classical Publishing House, 1984.
Tribal Development in India: Programmes and Implementation Delhi, Upal Publishing House, 1988.

Course III: Issues in Tribal Development

  • The Meaning of Development: Different Concepts and Theories in Tribal Perspective.
  • Trends in Tribal Development: A Global Perspective.
  • Planning for Tribal Development- Issues, Strategies and Programmes.
  • Planning for physical and financial resources.
  • Planning for Human Resource.
  • Assessment and Evaluation of Tribal Programmes.
  • Contemporary Issues and Challenges:
  • Political Awakening and Tribal Development.
  • Constitution and Tribal Development.
  • Tribal Administration.
  • Self-governance and Tribal Development.
  • Extent of Disparities.
  • Environment and Tribal Development.
  • Customary Rights and Tribal Development.
  • Human Rights and Tribal Development.
  • Tribal Women and Development.

Suggested Reading:
B.D. Sharma, Tribal Development – The Concept and the Frame, New Delhi, 1978.
B.D. Sharma, Tribal Development – The New Strategy, New Delhi, IIPA, 1982.
R. S. Mann, Tribal Development: An Alternative Strategy, 1987.
B. K Roy Burman, Historical Ecology of Land Survey and Challenges of Development, New Delhi, Council for Social Development, 1985.
L.P. Vidyarthi (ed.) Tribal Development and Its administration.
G.T. Trewartug, Tribal Development: Retrospect and Prospect, New Delhi, 1975.
G. Dalton, Tribal and Peasant Economics
Sushma Sahay Prasad, Tribal Women Labourer: Aspects of Economic and Physical Exploitation, Delhi, Gyan Publishing House, 1988.
Tribal Development in India: Programmes and Implementation Delhi, Upal Publishing House, 1988.
Ajit K. Singh, Tribal Development in India, New Delhi, Classical Publishing House, 1984.

Course IV: Research Methods in Tribal Studies

  • Social Research: Different Approaches
  • Anthropological
  • Sociological
  • Historical
  • Issues in Tribal Research: Tool and Techniques
  • Type of Data
  • Methods of Data Collection
  • Common Statistical Methods for Data Analysis Measure Central Tendency and Correlation.
  • Temporal Data Analysis.
  • Stages in Project Preparation and Report Writing.

Project Report and Viva Voce
Suggested Reading:
Goode and Hatt, Research Methods in Social Sciences, New York, Macgraw Hill.
Moser and Kalton, Research Methods in Social Investigation.
P.V. Young, Social Research Methods.
S.R. Bajpai, Reseach Methods in Social Sciences.
Brazun and Graff, The Modern Researcher, New York, Harcourt Brace and World Inc., 1970.

Prof. Aparna Negi
Phone No: 0177-2633214
  Last Reviewed/Updated: 17 January, 2018